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2012年湖南省成人学位英语考试试题
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Part I Dialogue Completion (15 points)

Directions: There are 15 short incomplete dialogues in this part, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the dialogue and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

1. —— What day is it today?

  —— A      

  A. Monday              B. It’s fine                     C. June 14             D. Nine o’clock

2. —— Excuse me. Can you tell me the time, please?

  —— __C_.

  A. Sure, please                    B. Thank you so much    C. It’s six o’clock          D. Yes, I can

3. —— May I use the telephone?

  —— A_.

  A. Go ahead                       B. Thank you so much    C. Don’t worry              D. You are welcome

4. —— Would you like to come to the party Friday evening?

  —— B__.

  A. That’s right                     B. Yes, I’d like to          C. I’ll be late                 D. No, never mind

5. —— I’m sorry I can’t give you any help.

  —— That’s OK. _C__.

  A. What a pity                                                         B. I don’t care              

C. Thank you all the same                                      D. Don’t mention it

6. —— How did you find your visit to the museum, Eddie?

  —— B.

  A. I went there all by myself                                     B. Oh, wonderful, indeed

  C. My friend showed me there                                  D. By taking a No. 2 bus.

7. —— I didn’t know this was a one-way street, sir.

  —— _D_

  A. It’s different.                                                      B. How do you do?

  C. How dare you say that?                                        D. Sorry, but that’s no excuse.

8. —— I don’t want to eat anything. I’m not feeling well today.

  —— D_, Carlos. I hope you’ll be better soon.

  A. It doesn’t matter                                                  B. Don’t bother

  C. I’m better now                                                    D. I’m sorry to hear that

9. —— Are you going to take part in the English contest to be held at the end of this term?

  —— __C.

  A. I’m afraid                      B. I do                          C. It depends                   D. It’s a pleasure

10. —— Today’s Sunday. What about going to the Science Museum?

   —— __C__.

   A. Take it easy                                                       B. Let’s call it a day

   C. That’s a good idea                                            D. It’s kind of you to say so

11. —— I have just passed my exam. I feel so relieved now.

   —— __B_!

   A. Thank you                    B. Well done                 C. Cheer up                      D. My pleasure

12. —— Don’t forget to pass on the message to my teacher.

   —— __A.

   A. Yes, I don’t                  B. I don’t think so          C. No, I won’t                  D. Sorry, I wouldn’t

13. —— How could you say that?

   —— C_. I didn’t mean to hurt you.

   A. It doesn’t matter                                                B. That’s all right             

C. I am really sorry                                              D. None of your business

14. —— You have given us a wonderful party, Mrs. Johnson.

   —— __B_.

   A. Don’t say to                                                      B. I’m glad you enjoyed it

   C. It is interesting for you to say so                          D. Oh, I’m afraid I didn’t organize it well

15. —— What’s the matter? You really look upset.

   —— B_.

—— Well, better luck next time.

A. I have won a prize                                             B. I failed an important test

C. Why, I always look up to you                             D. Me? I never look down upon anybody

 

Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

Passage One

We are all busy talking about and using the Internet, but how many of us know the history of the Internet?

Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up as recently as the 1960s. At that time, computers were large and expensive. Computer networks didn’t work well. If one computer in the network broke down, then the whole network stopped. So a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If part of the network was not working, information could be sent through another part. In this way the computer network system would keep on working all the time.

At first the Internet was only used by the government, but in the 1970s, universities, hospitals and banks began to use it, too. However, computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. At the beginning of the 1990s, computers became cheaper and easier to use. And scientists developed software that made Internet “surfing” more convenient.

Today it is easy to get online and it is said that millions of people use the Internet every day.

 

16. The Internet was set up in __B__.

   A. 1960                            B. the 1960s                  C. 1970                            D. the 1970s

17. Computer networks didn’t work well at first because __D.

   A. computers were large and expensive

   B. computers couldn’t send information fast

   C. computers didn’t fit into the same network

   D. if one computer failed, the whole network stopped

18. Which of the following was the first to use the Internet?       

   A. Governments             B. Universities.              C. Banks.                         D. Hospitals.

19. Which of the following statements is true?     C

   A. People use the Internet mainly to send emails.

   B. Computers are now more costly than ever before.

   C. Computers were costly and hard to use until the early 1990s.

   D. In the 1970s the Internet was easy to use but computers were costly.

20. The best title for the passage is _C__.

   A. The Future of the Internet                                   B. The History of Computers

   C. The History of the Internet                              D. Convenient Internet Surfing

 

Passage Two

Alan Chang was a handsome young man with good manners.

One morning he was walking along a street on his way to an appointment. He did not want to be early or late. He had forgotten to put on his watch so he went up to a man who was waiting for a taxi.

“Excuse me, sir,” he said, very politely, “but could you tell me the time?”

The man, who was very well-dressed and looked quite rich, said nothing. He did not even look at Alan. Alan spoke to him again. “Excuse me, sir,” he said, “but could you please tell me what time it is?”

This time the man looked at him, but he did not speak and looked quickly away. Alan thought to himself: well, he can hear me; he must be just rude. So Alan asked again, “Why wouldn’t you tell me the time, sir?”

The man turned towards him and said, “Put yourself in my shoes. I am standing here waiting for a taxi. You come up to me and ask me for the time. If I tell it to you, you will thank me. I will say ‘That’s all right.’ You may then say ‘It’s a beautiful day,’ to which I may reply ‘Yes, I like these sunny winter days.’ Before we know what is happening we have a friendly conversation. You are a pleasant, polite young man, so when my taxi comes, I offer you a ride. You accept. We talk. I like you. You like me. I invite you to my home. You meet my daughter. She is a very pretty girl. You are a good-looking man. You like each other. Soon you fall in love. You want to marry. Now do you understand my problem?”

Alan shook his head. “No, sir, I’m sorry, I don’t. Everything you have said seems very natural to me.”

“Exactly,” the man said, “and I do not want my daughter to marry a man who is too poor to buy a watch. Good morning to you.” And with these words he hurried away.

 

21. Why did Alan ask the man what time it was?    C

   A. He was too late.                                                 B. He was very early.

   C. He had left his watch home                            D. He wanted to meet the man’s daughter.

22. What did Alan think of the man when he would not tell him the time?     A

   A. He was impolite                                             B. He was deaf.                

C. He was stupid.                                                   D. He spoke no English.

23. What did the man mean by the underlined part “Put yourself in my shoes”?      D

   A. Don’t interrupt me.                                            B. My shoes hurt me.

   C. Come and try my shoes.                                     D. Try to understand me.

24. What kind of a man was Alan Change in the man’s opinion?     B

   A. A thief.                         B. A poor man            C. A cheat.                        D. A rich man.

25. The story is mainly about A.

   A. how rude a person can be                                 B. how one thing leads to another

   C. where a person can’t tell the time                        D. why you shouldn’t speak to strangers

 

Passage Three

What are the beauties of Hawaii? Let’s start with four.

The beach, famous for its water temperature, air temperature and waves, is the first beauty. There are hundreds of miles of beaches on the twenty islands of Hawaii. They are thought to be among the finest beaches in the world.

Then, what do you think would be the second beautiful thing? It is volcanoes (火山), of course. These volcanoes are not just a part of the islands; they made the islands in the first place. Because of them the islands are still growing.

What would be the third thing of beauty that the first visitor to Hawaii would notice? It probably wouldn’t be just one thing, but many things: all the wonderful fruits and flowers of the islands. Sugar cane, bananas and pineapples are Hawaii’s biggest exports. Sugar cane has been growing in Hawaii for a thousand years. As for pineapples, the islands produce more than any other places in the world, which has made Dole Company the biggest fruit-packing company in the world.

The fourth and most beautiful thing about Hawaii is the people who live there. The Hawaiians never rush, and perhaps this is because they care more for human life than they care for the machine. There is an old Hawaiian law that a man can go to sleep in the middle of the road if he wants to. What makes the people of Hawaii so beautiful is their feeling about people. There are 64 different combinations of races on the islands, and they all live in peace. They believe “Above all nations is humanity.” That is the most beautiful thing of all.

 

26. According to the passage, Hawaii is made up of  B__.

   A. one island    B. twenty islands   C. sixty-four islands   D. hundreds of islands

27. Why are the volcanoes so special to the islands?   

   A. They are not a part of the islands.                        B. They actually made the islands.

   C. They are the first in the world.                            D. They are growing.

28. What has made Dole Company the biggest fruit-packing company in the world?  

   A. Sugar.                          B. Sugar cane.               C. Bananas.                      D. Pineapples.

29. The people in Hawaii are the most beautiful thing because _ D_.

   A. they had a peaceful history              B. they can sleep in the middle of the road

   C. there are 64 different races on the islands   D. they care more for people than anything else

30. According to the passage, “above all nations is humanity” might mean __C  .

   A. not all nations have humanity                              B. humanity is as important as a nation

   C. humanity has no national boundaries               D. all human beings should live in peace

 

Passage Four

There is a measurable relation between how much a person learns and his attitude toward the subject to be learned. When faced with a difficult learning task, one path to success is to concentrate on the positive aspects of the subject matter. If a student has a boring teacher, one solution is to look for the positive aspects of completing the course, regardless of how boring the teacher happens to be. To accomplish this might require a private tutor or some independent reading, but with the right attitude, success is possible.

Over-achievers – students who do better than their test scores show – usually have a positive interest toward learning. They may learn some things more slowly, and they may make more efforts, but, to compensate (补偿), they are often better at applying what they have learned. As long as they do not have emotional problems, they are successful.

Under-achievers – those who function below their ability shown by test scored – often tend to allow a few negative factors to affect them. Because of their negative attitudes, they sometimes become unfairly critical of teachers. They allow themselves to get bored when it is not necessary. In short, their attitudes often cause them to learn less than over-achievers.

If you learn to replace a negative attitude toward learning with something more positive, you are on the road to achieving almost any goal you desire. For example, if you realize a personal computer with a word processor would improve your performance, but have an attitude that keeps telling you that a computer is difficult to operate, you tend to make all kinds of excuses. In short, you resist making full use of a terrific tool, simply because your negative attitude prevents you from learning.

 

31. What does the author think a student should do if he has a boring teacher?     

   A. Look for a new course.                                       B. Be critical of the teacher.

   C. Complete the course with a good score.                D. Have a right attitude toward the teacher.

32. The writer thinks that over-achievers and under-achievers mainly differ in __C.

   A. their test scores                                                  B. their judgment of others

   C. their attitudes toward learning                         D. their skills in using computers

33. The underlined phrase function below their ability shown by test scores means the under-achievers B_.

   A. often get low scores in tests

   B. do worse in actual learning than in tests

   C. usually do better in tests than the over-achievers

   D. are always slow in learning and have to make more efforts

34. The example of the personal computer shows that __B.

   A. finding excuses helps in learning                         B. to react negatively can be harmful

   C. hard-working is the key to success                       D. making use of the computer is important

35. What is the main idea of the passage?    

   A. Attitudes play an important role in learning.

   B. Students should learn how to use personal computers.

   C. Teachers are not so important in the learning process.

   D. There are many differences between over-and under-achievers.

 

Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)

Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence, mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

36. This photo __A__ me of the days when I worked on the farm many years ago.

   A. reminds                       B. recalls                       C. retells                          D. remembers

37. I can’t get online because my C__ broke down.

   A. camera                         B. watch                        C. computer                    D. recorder

38. Would you please D_ the TV a little? The children are doing their homework.

   A. turn on                         B. turn off                     C. turn up                         D. turn down

39. Few houses in this district __D__ the terrible earthquake and many people were killed.

   A. lasted                           B. survived                    C. deserved                       D. passed

40. We tried to find a table for seven, but they were all C__.

   A. given away                   B. kept away                  C. taken up                     D. used up

41. We are at your service. Don’t _B to turn to us if you have any problems.

   A. beg                              B. hesitate                    C. desire                           D. seek

42. My boss did not _D from his desk when I entered his office.

   A. look out                        B. look around               C. look down                    D. look up

43. I love thinking of new designs. It keeps my mind clear and active and fills my retired life with _A.

   A. joy                               B. anxiety                      C. sorrow                         D. anger

44. The company is starting a new advertising campaign to _ more customers.

   A. join                              B. attract                       C. stick                            D. transfer

45. —— Where is the new camera I borrowed last week?

   —— It is on the top shelf, out of the __C__ of our little kid.

   A. order                            B. sight                         C. reach                          D. touch

46. Herman’s success is _C__ his hard work and his academic ability.

   A. used to                         B. equal to                     C. due to                         D. close to

47. The bookseller cannot get enough books to _D__ the needs of their customers.

   A. make                            B. please                       C. fill                               D. meet

48. —— He looks so young!

   —— I agree with you. He looks 30, but he is _A 45.

   A. actually                       B. basically                    C. accordingly                  D. entirely

49. Parents have __A__ their concern about violence in some children’s shows.

   A. expressed                     B. accepted                    C. complained                   D. expected

50. It was Thomas Edison that A_ the electric lamp.

   A. invented                      B. discovered                 C. designed                       D. developed

51. The doctors successfully completed a 20-hour operation to _B_ the one-year-old twins at the head.

   A. isolate                          B. separate                   C. divide                          D. remove

52. In _A Chinese culture, children’s marriage decisions were often made by parents.

   A. traditional                   B. historic                     C. remote                         D. initial

53. We decided to leave the waitress a big D_ because her service was excellent.

   A. bill                               B. money                      C. fare                             D. tip

54. Experiments show that different temperatures have different _D_ on human feelings.

   A. results                          B. troubles                     C. endings                        D. effects

55. The cost of the products __D to 56,000 Yuan.

   A. reaches                         B. numbers                    C. amounts                       D. counts

56. The mother asked the boys to put __D__ everything in _ order before they left the room.

   A. the; a                           B. an; the                      C. /; a                              D. /; /

57. —— Do you like pop music or country music?

   —— __C_. I only like sports.

   A. Each                            B. Either                       C. Neither                       D. Both

58. It was not known __D__ he had said during the interview.

   A. whether                        B. where                       C. that                              D. what

59. Don’t get off the bus _A it has stopped completely.

   A. until                            B. when                        C. if                                 D. since

60. __D does it take you to wash all the dishes?

   A. How often                    B. How much                C. How long                     D. How fast

61. _C all her friends and money gone, Kate felt totally hopeless.

   A. Because                        B. Owing to                   C. With                         D. But for

62. _B bad news it is! We must try our best to help them out of the difficulty.

   A. What                            B. What a                     C. How                            D. How a

63. I don’t think _D possible to finish the work in time without his help.

   A. what                             B. this                           C. that                              D. it

64. It is __A from my school to the railway station.

   A. two-hours walk            B. two-hour’s walk         C. two-hour walk              D. a two-hour walk

65. It’s not a good habit to leave your work __B.

   A. done half                      B. half done                  C. a half done                   D. done a half

66. We like our English teacher because she often tells __A__ funny stories in class.

   A. us                                B. our                           C. we                               D. ours

67. His little car isn’t _B__ for five people.

   A. enough big                    B. big enough               C. as enough big               D. so big enough

68. When and where to hold the meeting _C__ not decided yet.

   A. is                                 B. are                            C. has                              D. have

69. A new house will have been built here _A__.

   A. in this year                                                      B. for one year                 

C. by the end of the year                                         D. during the last year

70. It was already ten o’clock in the evening D_ we arrived at the hotel.

   A. since                            B. while                        C. that                              D. when

71. __C__, we will review all the lessons before the final exam.

   A. If time will permit         B. Time permitting         C. If time permitted        D. Time permits

72. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, _B__ effects can still be felt now.

   A. which                           B. whose                       C. what                            D. that

73. __C_ you do, you should put your heart into it.

   A. No matter how              B. Whenever                  C. No matter what           D. Wherever

74. _C__ has already been pointed out before, English grammar is not a set of dead rules.

   A. This                             B. That                         C. It                               D. As

75. These university students are looking for a cheap hotel __A__.

   A. to stay in                     B. to be staying              C. which to stay                D. where to stay in

 

Part IV Cloze Test (10 points)

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

Mr Smith gave his wife fifty pounds for her birthday. The day after her birthday, Mrs Smith   76   shopping. She queued   77   a bus, got on and sat down next to an old lady. After a while, she noticed that the old lady’s handbag was   78   . Inside it, she saw some pound notes exactly like the ones her husband had given her. So she quickly looked into her own bag – the notes had   79   ! Mrs Smith was sure the old lady who was sitting next to her had   80   them. She thought she would have to call   81   ; but as she disliked making a fuss and making people into trouble, she decided to take back the money from the old lady’s bag and say   82   more about it. She looked round the bus to make sure nobody was watching; then she carefully put her hand into the old lady’s bag, took the notes and   83   them in her own bag.

When she got home that evening, she showed her husband the beautiful dress she had bought.

  84   did you pay for it?” he asked.

“With the money you gave me for my birthday, of course,” she replied.

“Oh? What’s that, then?” he asked, as he pointed to the   85   on the table.

 

B 76. A. made                         B. went                         C. took                             D. decided

A 77. A. in                             B. on                            C. for                               D. to

A 78. A. open                         B. closed                       C. old                              D. empty

D 79. A. dropped                    B. missed                      C. lost                              D. gone

A 80. A. stolen                       B. kept                          C. found                           D. mistaken

D 81. A. herself                      B. her                           C. the lady                        D. the police

C 82. A. everything                 B. something                 C. nothing                       D. anything

B 83. A. took                          B. put                           C. left                              D. saved

A 84. A. How                         B. How much                C. What                           D. For what

B 85. A. bag                           B. money                      C. dress                            D. gift

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